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The study explores the phenomenology of spiritual resilience, the essence of participants’ lived experience, and the meaning of spiritual resilience in participants’ lives. Previous studies have shown various definitions and determinants of resilience and spiritual resilience. Five older women associated with the Pentecostal denomination were interviewed, audio recorded, and then transcribed for analysis. These interviews were organized and set into varying categories and qualitatively analyzed based on themes, meanings, experiences, and definitions. Participants defined spiritual resilience as only possible by one’s personal day to day relationship with God. The determinants of spiritual resilience can be summarized as the focus on God as sovereign, how he taught participants through various experiences, recognizing participant’s need of God, and how he is in control. Furthermore, formational determinants can be interpersonal supports, practices, or behaviors or intrapersonal supports and help to make up spiritual resilience. Future recommendations include more culturally diverse populations, differing belief systems, and wide-ranging ages of women.


Angela L. Watson, PhD, research advisor

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Psychology Commons



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