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PPD affects up to 19% of women worldwide. Possible behavioral changes include poor child outcomes, altered mother-infant bond, and even abuse of the child by the mother. The purpose of this systematic review is to synthesize current research to answer the question, what nursing interventions best treat postpartum depression affecting mothers of low SES in developed countries. The methodology included 10 articles in research of interventions related to sleep, exercise, and social support. Of these interventions in the discussion, exercise is the most effective. Peer support increases maternal mood and likelihood of seeking professional help. Volunteer support is effective if the volunteer has a personal history of PPD. Maternal sleep interventions are largely ineffective but improving infant sleep patterns improve maternal mood. Better education during late pregnancy and early postpartum may decrease depressive symptoms and increase the likelihood of women seeking professional help.



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