In contrast to God’s wisdom, earthly wisdom is rooted in earthly systems and the epistemologies that undergird those systems. A primary and powerful epistemic system is the educational system (Goldman, 2011) and particularly higher education, upon which much of man’s wisdom is built. Parker Palmer’s (2007) book, The Courage to Teach, challenges the commonly accepted wisdom of higher education’s focus on outcomes and “the impact of our society’s growing obsession with educational externals—including relentless and mindless standardized testing” (p. ix). Palmer offers a roadmap for reform that begins with a call for self-reflection and ends with a call for resistance. Palmer’s writing rests upon the premise that there is an alternative to the dispassionate, detached, and disconnected stance of the academy. Consequently, he offered not only directions, but also hope for the journey inward that leads to an undivided heart.



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Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License



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